To combat this indolence, some have proposed increasing the native’s needs and raising the taxes. sa iyo’y nagiging walang kamatayan. At the cost of study and sacrifice a young man becomes a great chemist, and after a long course of training, wherein neither the government nor anybody has given him the least help, he concludes his long stay in the University. Of no little importance were the hindrance and obstacles that from the beginning were thrown in the farmer’s way by the rules, who were influenced by childish fear and saw everywhere signs of conspiracies and uprisings. Is it the poor clerk who comes in at eight in the morning and leaves at one in the afternoon with only his parasol, who copies and writes and works for himself and for his chief, or is it the chief, who comes in a carriage at ten o’clock, leaves before twelve, reads his newspaper while smoking and with his feet cocked up on a chair or a table, or gossiping about all his friends? A Chinese manuscript of the 13th century, translated by Dr. Hirth (Globus, September, 1889), which we will take up at another time, speaks of China’s relations with the islands, relations purely commercial, which mention is made of the activity and honesty of the traders of Luzon, who took the Chinese products and distributed them throughout all the islands, for the merchandise that the Chinaman did not remember to have given them. Stagnation forcibly results from this, and as he who devotes himself merely to copying divests himself of other qualities suited to his own nature, he naturally becomes sterile; hence decadence. What future awaits him who distinguishes himself, him who studies, who rise above the crowd? The patient is near his finish! Tulad ni Pilomel na sa luha’y gamot … Is it the delectable civilization, the religion of salvation of the friars, called of Jesus Christ by euphemism, that has produced this miracle that has atrophied his brain, paralyzed his heart and made of the man this sort of vicious animal that the writers depict? It seems that these thoughts have never entered the minds of those who cry out against the indolence of the Filipinos.   We shall proceed otherwise. Doctor Sanciano, in his Progreso de Filipinas, has taken up this question, agitated, as he calls it, and relying upon facts and reports furnished by the very same Spanish authorities that ruled the Philippines has demonstrated that such indolence does not exist, and that all said about it does not deserve a reply or even passing choice. The Moro pirate has disappeared but there remains the outlaw who infests the fields and waylays the farmer to hold him for ransom. Mary sweet peace and dearest consolation of suffering mortal you are the fount whence springs the current of solicitude that brings. Yet it is not to be inferred from the misuse of a thing that it does not exist. The lack of national sentiment brings another evil, moreover which is the absence of all opposition to measures prejudicial to the people and the absence of any initiative in whatever may redound to its good. Every creature has its stimulus, its mainspring; man’s is his self-esteem. Others delight in minute accounts of their intelligence and pleasant manners, of their aptitude for music, the drama, dancing and singing, of the faculty with which they learned, not only Spanish but also Latin, which they acquired almost by themselves (Colin); others of their exquisite politeness in their dealings and in their social life, others, like the first Augustinians, whose accounts Gaspar de San Agustin copies, found them more gallant and better mannered than the inhabitants of the Moluccas. It is sufficient that the native product for him to hasten to make the change, without reflecting that everything has its weak side and the most sensible custom is ridiculous in the eyes of those who do not follow it. Your email address will not be published. New life, new vitality! Further on he speaks of the vessels and utensils of solid gold that he found in Butuan where the people worked in mines. José Rizal is a 1998 Filipino biographical film of the Filipino patriot José Rizal, directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya and starring Cesar Montano as José Rizal.. At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film in the history of Filipino cinema with a budget of over ₱80 million.The film was an official entry to the 1998 Metro Manila Film Festival From his birth until he sinks into his grave, the training of the native is brutalizing, depressive and anti-human (the word “inhuman” is not sufficiently explanatory; whether or not the Academy admits it, let it go). We find, then, the tendency to indolence very natural, and have to admit and bless it, for we cannot alter natural laws, and without it the race would have disappeared. The natives were not allowed to go to their labors, that is, their farms, without permission of the governor, or of his agents and officers, and even of the priests as Morga says. A larger version of my Pop Art tribute to Dr. José Rizal the greatest national hero of the Philippines. Rizal had stayed there in 1888 on his way to Europe. Not one word from the government, nor from anybody, to encourage the native who with so much affection has cultivated the language and letters of the mother country! We are not trying to put all the blame on the physician, and still less on the patient, for we have already spoken of a predisposition, in the absence of which the race would disappear, sacrificed to excessive labor in a tropical country. This much-discussed question has met with the same fate as certain panaceas and specifics of the quacks who by ascribing to them impossible virtues have discredited them. Still they struggled a long time against indolence, yes: but their enemies were so numerous that at last they gave up! “The natives,” says Morga, in Chapter Seven, speaking of the occupations of the Chinese, “are very far from exercising those trade and have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton, and weaving cloth. This state of affairs lasted a long time and still lasts, in spite of the fact that the breed of encomenderos has become extinct. The word play (baraja, playing card) proves that the introduction of playing cards was not due to the Chinese, who have a kind of playing cards also, because in that case they would have taken the Chinese name. This poem is one of his most famous poems. at mabisang lunas sa dusa’t himuntok The chief of Paragua paid everything, and moreover, voluntarily added coconuts, bananas, and sugar-cane jars filled with palm wine. These ships paid certain duties to the king of the island. . sa isang kaputol na lonang maliit If the logical and regulated system of exploitation be chosen, stifling with the jingle of gold and the sheen of opulence the sentiments of independence in the colonies, paying with its wealth for its lack of liberty, as the English do in India, who moreover leave the government to native rulers, then build roads, lay out highways, foster the freedom of trade; let the government heed material interests more than the interests of four orders of friars; let it send out intelligent employees to foster industry; just judges, all well paid, so that they be not venal pilferers, and lay aside all religious pretext. We have heard many complaints, and every day we read in the papers about the efforts the government is making to rescue the country from its condition of indolence. . The predisposition exists? The very limited training in the home, the tyrannical and sterile education of the rare centers of learning that blind subordination of the youth to one of greater age, influence the mind so that a man may not aspire to excel those who preceded him but must merely be content to go along with a march behind them. The whole Chapter 8 of his work deals with this moribund activity, this much forgotten industry, and yet in spite of that, how long is his eighth chapter! What causes operated to awake this terrible predisposition from its lethargy? we do not care to give the reason, but when a municipal laboratory is closed in order to abolish the position of director, who got his place by competitive examination, while other officers, such as the press censor, are preserved, it is because the belief exists that the light of progress may injure the people more than all the adulterated foods. . Tagalog (/ t ə ˈ ɡ ɑː l ɒ ɡ /; tə-GAH-log) (Tagalog pronunciation: [tɐˈɡaːloɡ]) ( Baybayin : ᜏᜒᜃᜅ᜔ ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔ ) is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by the ethnic Tagalog people, who make up a quarter of the population of the Philippines, and as a second language by the majority. This is a Tagalog translation of Jose Rizal’s Spanish-language poem A La Juventud Filipina (To the Filipino Youth). As they used to do in their Paganism and for a long time after the country was conquered.”. A very extraordinary thing, and one that shows the facility with which the natives learned Spanish, is that fifty years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Luzon, in that very year 1521, when they first came to the islands, there were already natives of Luzon who understood Castilian. During the celebration of the 121st Independence Day hosted by the Philippine Embassy in The Hague, the Dutch translated version of "Noli Me Tangere" was officially introduced to the public. A competitive examination is held to fill a certain position. The coastwise trade, so active in other times, had to die out, thanks to the piratical attacks of the Malays of the south; and trade in the interior of the islands almost entirely disappeared, owing to restrictions, passports and other administrative requirements. The sordid return the native gets from his work has the effect of discouraging him. ang alab ng iyong isip at talino We are not saying this: it was said by Gaspar de San Agustin, the preeminently anti-Filipino Augustinian, and he confirms it throughout the rest of his work by speaking every moment of the state of neglect in which lay the farms and field once so flourishing and so well cultivated, the town thinned that had formerly been inhabited by many leading families! there’s the ideal native! At this island the survivors of Magellan’s expedition were well received and provisioned. That modesty infused into the convictions of everyone, or, to speak more clearly, that insinuated inferiority, a sort of daily and constant depreciation of the mind so that it may not be raised to the regions of life, deadens the energies, paralyzes all tendencies toward advancement, and of the least struggle a man gives up without fighting. The young man wins this through knowledge and perseverance, and after he has won it, it is abolished, because. The reasons that originate in the lack of natural sentiment are still more lamentable and more transcendental. Now then, the government, which has a constant fear of the people, denies to the farmers even the use of a shotgun, or if it does allow it does so very grudgingly and withdraws it at pleasure; whence it results with the laborer, who, thanks to his means of defense, plants his crops and invests his meager fortune in the furrows that he has so laboriously opened, that when his crop matures it occurs to the government, which is impotent to suppress brigandage, to deprive him of his weapon; and then, without defense and without security, he is reduced to inaction and abandons his field, his work, and takes to gambling as the best means of securing a livelihood. Required fields are marked *. If by one of those rare incidents, some wild spirit, that is some active one, excels, instead of his example stimulating, it only causes others to persist in their inaction. To foster the good ones and aid them, as well as correct the evil and repress them, would be the duty of society and government, if less noble thoughts did not occupy their attention. Instead of a physician, read government, that is friars, employees, etc. Some act in bad faith, though levity, through levity, through want of sound judgment, through limitation in reasoning power, ignorance of the past, or other cause. Examining well, then, all scenes and all the men that we have known from childhood; and the life of our country, we believe that indolence does exist there. Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: “Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of timethey have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . of rice, 20 pigs, 20 goats, and 450 chickens. “You can’t know more than this or that old man!”  “Don’t aspire to be greater than the curate!”  “You belong to an inferior race!”  “You haven’t any energy!”  This is what they tell the child and they repeat it so often, it has perforce to become engraved in the mind and thence mould and pervade all his action. True it is that for sometime this absurdity which would be ludicrous had it not been so serious, had disappeared; but even if the words have gone out of use other facts and other provisions have replaced them. What wonder then that the inhabitant of tropical countries, worn out and with his blood thinned by the continuous and excessive heat is reduced to inaction? An hour’s work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day’s work in a temperate climate; it is, then, just that the earth yields a hundred fold! (Page 422)  Further on, “In Leyte, they tried to kill anencomendero of the town of Dagami on account of the great hardships he made them suffer by exacting tribute of wax from them with a steelyard which he had made twice as long as others. Morga does not speak of it, in spite of his having spent seven years in Manila, and yet he does describe the kinds of fowl, the jungle hens and cocks. mga Kabataan, hayo na’t lagutin at dalhin mo roon sa kaitaasan. kagyat na lumipad sa tuktok ng langit Fearing to have the Filipinos deal frequently with other individuals of their own race, who were free and independent, as the Borneans, the Siamese, the Cambodians, and the Japanese, people who in their customs and feeling differ greatly from the Chinese, the government acted toward these others with great mistrust and great severity, as Morga testifies in the last pages of his work, until they finally ceased to come to the country. Your email address will not be published. Will this inefficiency in the lower spheres of power and ignorance and indifference in the upper, with the frequent changes and the eternal apprenticeships, with great fear and many administrative obstacles, with a voiceless people that have neither initiative nor cohesion, with employees who nearly all strive to amass a fortune and return home, with inhabitants who live in great hardship from the instant they begin to breathe, create prosperity, agriculture and industry, found enterprises and companies, things that still hardly prosper in free and well-organized communities? Yes, all attempt is useless that does not spring from a profound study of the evil that afflicts us. Neither does Morga speak of gambling, when he talks about vices and other defects, more or lest concealed, more or less insignificant. Their will is hypnotized: from childhood they learned to act mechanically, without knowledge of the object, thanks to the exercise imposed upon them from the most tender years of praying for whole hours in an unknown tongue, of venerating things that they do not understand, of accepting beliefs that are not explained to them, to having absurdities imposed upon them, while the protests of reason are repressed. We say the same about gamblilng; the wordsugal (jugar, to gamble), like kumpistal (confesar, to confess to a priest), indicates that gambling was unknown in the Philippines before the Spaniards. (Gaspar de San Agustin) plenty of provisions, activity, trade, movement in all the southern islands. Moreover, do we not see the active European, who feels the fresh blood of spring boil in his veins, do we not see him abandon his labors, during the few days of his variable summer, close his office — where the work is not violent and amounts for many to talking and gesticulating in the shade beside a lunch stand — flee to watering places, sit in the cafes or stroll about. In the view of some this is expedient so that a colony may be a colony; perhaps they are right, but not the effect that a colony may flourish. A man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. … It was written in his native Tagalog while he was yet 8 years old. Cock-fighting must also have existed in Luzon and in all the islands, for in the terminology of the game are two Tagalog words: sabong and tari(cockpit and gaff). In addition to this, love of peace and the honor many have of accepting the few administrative positions which fall to the Filipinos on account of the trouble and annoyance these cause them places at the head of the people the most stupid and incapable men, those who submit to everything, those who can endure all the caprices and exactions of the curate and of the officials. . Paraphrase: A nation that … His conduct, while it may reveal weakness, also demonstrates that the islands ere abundantly provisioned. To what is this retrogression due? The dolce far niente of the Italian, the rascarse la barriga of the Spaniard, the supreme aspiration of the bourgeois to live on his income in peace and tranquility, attest this. Nothing from the Philippines at that time went to China, not even gold, for in those years the Chinese trades would accept no payment but silver coin. We must confess that indolence does actually and positively exist there, only that, instead of holding it to be thecause of the backwardness and the trouble, we regard it as theeffect of the trouble and the backwardness, by fostering the development of a lamentable predisposition. Might this captain, who was greatly feared by all his foes, have been the Rajah Matanda whom the Spaniards afterwards encountered in Tondo in 1570? "Sa Aking Mga Kabatà" is a poem about the love of one's native language written in Tagalog. The evil is not that indolence exists more or less latently but that it is fostered and magnified. Isn’t there left the fine life of the pirate? The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay and forever to pay; to work, suffer, and be silent, without aspiring any thing, without aspiring to know or even to understand Spanish, without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain, or spirit; a creature with arms and a purse of gold. We think that there must be something behind all this outcry, for it is incredible that so many should err, among whom we have said there are a lot of serious and disinterested persons. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Whether they believe in miracles to palliate their laziness or they are lazy because they believe in miracles, we cannot say; but he fact is the Filipinos were much less lazy before the word miracle was introduced into their language. and the mothers who kill their children in bearing them,” and you will understand how in less than thirty years the population of the Philippines was reduced one-third. unfortunately, or because of the brutalization is not yet complete and because the nature of man is inherent in his being in spite of his condition, the native protests; he still has aspirations, he thinks and strives to rise, and there’s the trouble! What has happened? ), and thus it was necessary to seek it with great difficulty in the most remote of them, where, once found, in order to haul and convey it to the shipyard the towns of the surrounding country had to be depopulated of natives, who get it out with immense labor, damage, and cost to them. 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